Micronutrients, as opposed to macronutrients (protein, carbohydrates and fat), are comprised of vitamins and minerals, are required in small quantities to ensure normal metabolism, growth, and physical well-being. These are the nutrients without which normal functioning of the body is unthinkable.
A diet of essential micronutrients is important for an athletes's performance and recovery. And today’s balanced diets often lack sufficient amounts of minerals that athletes need. When athletes lose fluids during exercise, they also lose electrolytes and essential minerals in the body.
If we consume fewer vitamins than we need, we feel fatigue and become more vulnerable to illness or injury. And nutrients are depleted during physical activity in the form of perspiration. Mineral replacement helps restore proper blood volume and blood sugar levels. Without these nutrients, its possible for the quality of performance to decrease during long-term or explosive short-term exercise and to prolong the recovery process.
A number of endurance athletes who have increased the amounts of daily micronutrients in their diets during training have seen a significant difference. Hear more about their experiences here.